'Richard Hubbell was admitted a planter in Guilford, Connecticut, February 25th, 1653-4 on purchasing Samuel Biatchley's lots and accommodations in his stead, and took the oath of fidelity May 4th, 1654. He appears also to have purchased the land and accommodations of John Baldwin on October 16th, 1660,(See "Smith's History of Guilford," pp. 23, 24 and 27.) and the same work also states that, in 1657-8 a list was made of the freemen of Guilford, to which the dates of their subsequent deaths were added. When the work went to press the date of Richard Hubbell's death was given as 1692. (1692 is erroneous, he died October 23d, 1699. See "Records of First Congregational Church of Stratfield Parish," also his "Will" and "Inventory," (In this work.))
In 1653 or 1654 he sold land to E. Perkins, and May 14th, 1655, was living in Guilford and had a cow killed by a bull that had been left by Mr. Whitfield, and (Richard Hubbell) brought a suit to recover the loss of the cow against Mr. Chittenden, agent or attorney for Mr. Whitfield. The injury was committed in the winter, of 1654 or 55. (See "Judge Smith's manuscript," in possession of Lewis H. Steiner, M.D., Guilford, Connecticut. The suit is given at length in the Town Records.)
In 1656. Upon a petition presented by John Meggs, and the desire of Richard Hubbell, the court abated John Meggs five pounds of a fine of ten pounds that he owed to ye jurisdiction, and Richard Hubbell fiftye shillings of a fine of five pounds that he owed likewise, and that the rest be forthwh paide.' (See 'New Haven Colonial Records,' 1653 to 1665, p. 171.)
On May 7th. 1662, Richard Hubbell (being one of a party that joined Dr. Bray Rossiter, and others, in two political papers, which were offensive to the Government at New Haven), was tried for sedition. The following account of his examination is interesting and is given in extenso.
'But Thomas Stephens being after accused by Richard Hubbell, as one yt drew him into this business, did confess yt he now sees yt he had done yt which he ought not to have done, nor should have done it if hee had considered it, and yt he was sorry for it; and desired to have it passed by, and confest yt he had grieved ye spirits of those among whom he lives. It being demanded (yt seeing he was looked upon as one of ye heads in this matter,) whether he would relinquish these things? he answered, yt soe farre as they were any blemish to ye court or any member of it he did. (This it must be remembered is the examination of Thomas Stephens, Richard Hubbell was examined afterwards.) Richard Hubbell called for examination, was told by ye governr yt it was ye courts pleasure to have those called whose names were subscribed, and therefore desired to know whether he owned these subscriptions? he evading a plaine answer, not being able to write himself, but being asked whether it was not with his consent, he answered, yt there was such a paper shewed to him and he was asked if they should set his hand to it, to which he answered, if they would, they might; ye first paper was yt which John Benham spread, and ye second was after ye court's declaration to which latter he sayth he remembers yt he allowed not his hand to be sett to it; but being further questioned whether he joyned in ye contrivance of them? he answered, he had noe hand in ye contriving of them, but Mr. Rossitr drew up ye first, and they desired him that if there was anything in it to cleare, yt they could not have subscribed it had not Mr. Rossitr undertooke to manage it, and he promised to make proofe of it. It was also p pounded to him whether he was any of those families in whose name the p test was subscribed, he answered, not as he knew of. He was also asked whether he did now retract wt he had done, or stand in ye justification of it, or was sorry that it soe spread abroad in ye country to make such disturbance as it hath done at Stamford and South-hold? he answered, that it was only his desire to have wt our law did allow, and noe more, and whatever is else, it was besides his intention, and he doth renounce and disowne it, and is sorry for anything beyond this.'(See "New Haven Colonial Records, 1653 to 1665," p. 171).
Shortly after this political offense Richard Hubbell and his family removed to Fairfield County, Connecticut. He was accepted to be made free as a resident of Fairfield, on October 13th, 1664,(See "Colonial Records of Connecticut," Vol. I, pages 431-2 and 3.) (and was made free on October 10th, 1669). (See "Colonial Records of Connecticut," Vol. II, page 521.)
'On 23 January, 1666, Henry Jackson and 'Goodman' Hubbell (It was a practice among the early Puritans to prefix "Goodman" to the names of their leading men as a mark of respect) were appointed in ye room and stead of 'Goodman' Odell and Thomas Beachem, to lay out a bit of land granted to Thomas Dickerson.' ('Fairfield Town Records,' book B, p. 24.)
It would appear from the foregoing that Richard Hubbell knew something of surveying; however, this fact is immaterial, it is proven by all the records that he was a planter, a leading citizen, and an extensive land owner. He was continually exchanging, buying, and selling land or giving it to his sons.
'On March 31st, 1674, Captain Philip Scott, of Barbadoes, sold to Richard Hubbell, of Fairfield County, the horseflesh belonging to him.'(Fairfield Town Records)
'On May 19th, 1675, the townsmen ordered that Richard Hubbell should deliver into the magazine of Fairfield, within three months after above date, eight hundred weight of lead, for the use of the magazine of Fairfield, in payment of a debt of sixteen pounds two shillings, due from him to the town treasury for a parcel of meadow land.'(Fairfield Town Records)
The following deed of land purchased by him is very ancient.
'The Lands of Mr. Richard Hubbell, recorded to him, his heirs and assigns. (Stratford Land Records) Richard Hubbell, by way of exchange wth Henry Summers, hath purchased twenty-eight acres of upland, bee it more or less bounded northwest wth ye highway between Stratfield and Stratford, southeast wth ye highway to Paquanuck, bounded northeast on ye Comon, southwest wth Joseph Judson and John Beardsley. Here in Confirmation hereof ye Grante hath hereto subscribed and acknowledged ye same before Captain William Curtiss.
This [X] mark of Henry Summers.
Witnessed us ye 14th, 9m, 1676.
JAMEE BENITT, JOHN MINOR, Recorder.'
'John Hubbell hath by Gift from his father, Richard Hubbell, as part of his portion of these general parcels of land here recorded: Imprimis, one homelot with the dwelling house thereon, the land being in quantity three acres, more or less, and is bounded on the west and north with the highways, on the other sides with the land of the said Richard. The said John is to mayntayn the half of ye dividing fence between the aforesaid lot and the land of the said Richard, during the said Richard's natural life. Alsoe, one parcel of land on said farm, being in quantity fourteen acres, more or less, bounded on the north with the common, on the east with the land of Mother Sherwood, and ye common on the other sides, with the land of the said Richard. Also, one parcel of meadow on the other side Uraway River, being in quantity two acres, bounded on the south with the land of Major Nathan Gold, on the west with ye sd Richard's meadow, and on all the other sides with the land of Henry Jackson. Also, ye sd Richard gives him an eldest son's proportion in his interest in the perpetual common, 11th January, 1679.' (Fairfield Land Records).
'John Hubbell hath by purchase of his father, Richard Hubbell, these two parcels of land hereafter recorded, viz: Imprimis, one parcel of land adjoining to his homelot, being in quantity three quarters of an acre, being more or less, and is bounded on the north with a highway, on the west with the land of the said John, on the south and east with the land of the said Richard Hubbell. Alsoe, one parcel of land lying in ye said Richard Hubbell's homestead, and is in quantity about two acres, more or less, as it is already bounded out, being bounded on the west with the land of the said Richard Hubbell, on the southeast and northeast with the common, on the other side with the land of the said John, 25th April, 1682.'(Fairfield Land Record)
In 1685, Richard Hubbell was named as one of the proprietors of the Township of Fairfield, to whom the 'Fairfield Patent' was granted.
The following is an exact copy of said patent, and is well worth reading, being one of the oldest papers of the kind in the work.
'The General Court of Connecticut have formerly granted to the proprietors of the inhabitants of the town of Fairfield, all those lands both meadow and upland within these abutments upon the sea towards the south about seven miles in breadth, and in length from the sea into the wilderness twelve miles, and upon Stratford bounds on the east, and the wilderness north, and in Norwalk bounds on the west, only a parcel of land between their bounds and Saugatuck River, that is likewise granted to the said Fairfield; provided, the said Saugatuck do not exceed two miles from the said Fairfield, the said lands having been by purchase or otherwise lawfully obtained of the Indian natives proprietors; and whereas, the proprietors, the aforesaid inhabitants of Fairfield, in the colony of Connecticut, have made applications to the Governor and company of said colony of Connecticut, assembled in Court, May 25th, 1685, that they may have a patent for conformation of the aforesaid land so purchased and granted to them, as aforesaid, and which they have, and stood, seized, and quietly possessed of for many years last past, without interruption. Now, for a more full conformation of the aforesaid tract of land, as it is butted and bounded as aforesaid unto the present proprietors of the said township of Fairfield, in the possession and enjoyment of the premises, know ye that the said Governor and company assembled in General Court, according to the commission granted to us by his Majestie in our charter have given, granted, and by these presents do give, grant, ratify and confirm unto Major Nathan Gold, Mr. Samuel Wakeman, Mr. Jehu Burr, Mr. John Burr, Mr. Thomas Staples, Mr. John Green, Mr. Joseph Lockwood, Mr. John Wheeler, Mr. Richard Hubbell, Mr. George Squire and Mr. Isaac Wheeler, and the rest of the present proprietors of the township of Fairfield, their heirs, successors and assigns, forever, according to the tenor of East Greenwish, in Kent, in free and common socage, and not in capitte nor by knight service, they to make improvement of the same as they are capable, according to the custom of the country, yielding, rendering, and paying therefore to the Sovereign Lord, the King, his heirs and successors. his due, according to charter.
In witness whereof, we have caused the seal of the colony to be herewith affixed, this 26th of May 1685, in the first year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord, James, the Second, of England, Scotland and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, &c.
By order of the General Court of Connecticut.
Signed, ROBERT TREAT, Governor. JOHN ALLEN, Secretary.'
(Transcribed by the Author from a copy in the possession of Mrs. Elizabeth Hubbell Schenck The Historian of Fairfield. The original is in the Connecticut State Library, at Hartford.)
In 1686 Richard Hubbell was appointed as one of a committee on behalf of the town of Fairfield, to make a contract with John Jackson.
The following fully explains the nature of the contract:
'Whereas, formerly there hath been a treaty between John Jackson, of fayerfield, and a commety of ye town of fayerfield in referants to sd Jackson's building a corn mill and fulling mill, and whereas sd corn mill is already built in ye place thar disposed of, but agreements about ye same are to be perfected.
1. It is this day agreed by John Jackson, of fayerfield, of ye one party, and Mr. John Burr and Sargeant John Wheeler and Sargeant Richard Hubbell on ye other party, as a commety for and in behalf of ye town of fayerfield, and by them ordered as followeth: Imprimis ye sd John Jackson having already built a grist mill upon Uncoway revar, near the Camon road, hee doeth hereby ingaged to maintain ye same forever, and doeth hereby ingage to grind all grist yt ye inhabitants of fayerfield shall bring to sd mill from time to time, and at all times seasonabelly well and sofisiently unto good meal, hee to take for toll only ye sixteenth part of such grists so brought, exsemting at such times as ye fulling mill shall need and doeth make less of ye stream.
2. Sd John Jackson engageth to and with ye sd Commety to erect and build on ye sd stream a fulling mill yt may be sofisient and well and truly made to full all such cloaths as thar shall be ocation for and be brought to sd mill, and what cloth shall bee brought to sayd John Jackson to full shall be done well and sofisiently in season for such prices as shall or are ordinarily given for fulling such cloth, and sd John Jackson doeth ingage hearby to maintain sd mill in servesabell Condission for ye end afore sd for ever.
In Consedaration of ye premeses ye sayd Mr. John Burr, Sargeant John Wheeler, Sargeant Richard Hubbell, ye foarsayd Commety in ye behalf of ye town of fayerfield, grant to ye sayd John Jackson ye lebarty of ye sayd stream of Untaway Revar to erect, build, make and maintaine and improve sayd mills for ye ends aforesayd forever. Also for his better Incuredgment to goe on in ye sd work of sayd mills as to ye ends propossed ye sd Commety grants unto ye sd John Jackson a parsell of land adjoining to ye sd revar on ye West side of it, being in quantity by estemation about eaight acres mor or les bounded on ye southwest with ye common, on ye north with a highway or Common, on ye east with a Creek running into ye revar, on the southeast with ye revar.
Also on parsell of land on ye east sid of Untaway Revar, within ye Common Cut, and in quantity about two acres, bounded on ye north with a highway, on ye east with ye highway, on ye south with ye Common, on ye west with ye revar.
The land thus granted is soly for sd mills, and is heareby Intailled to them for posterity forever. Ho ever shall be ye suksesers, Instrukt them in thar parformants of thar duty to ye Inhabitants of ye town of fayerfield, as is a bond expresed in metings, whearof ye sd John Jackson, in his own name and in ye name of his heirs, suksesers, and assigns, and ye above sd John Burr, John Wheeler, Richard Hubbell, in ye name of ye town of fayerfield, have hearunto Respectively set to thar hands this first day of January, 1686.
JOHN JACKSON, II.
Signed and delivered in presents of us as witnesses,
BENJAMIN SMITH, JOHN BURR,
THOMAS WILLIAMS, T. W., RICHARD HUBBELL, R. H.
This above Instrument or agreement beetween ye above-mentioned parties was owned to bee thar free act and deed, in thar respective capaseties, this 6th of January, 1686, in fayerfield, befoar mee.
NATHAN GOLD, Attest.
This is a tru Copy of its originall, Comparred and recorded this 15 of January, 1686, by mee.
NATHAN GOLD, Recorder.'(Fairfield Town Records).
In February, 1688, he granted unto his son Samuel Hubbell, Senior, real estate fully described in the following deed:
'Know all men by these presence yt I, Richard Hubbell, Senior, of Stratfield, in ye Colony of Connecticut, in New england, have and doo by these presents, fully and freely and absolutely for (good Consideration me thereunto mening) Give and Grant unto my Loveing Son Samuel from me and from mine heirs for ever unto my sd son Samuel and to his heirs forever these several Parcels of Land with some houseing thereon, viz., one homelot with the dwelling thereon and appurtenances, being in quantity foure acres more or less, Lying and being at ye east farms, bounded on ye northwest with ye common, on ye northeast and southwest with ye Land of Mister Samuel Sherman, on ye southeast with my owne Land, also my pasture Lot and building Lot, situated in ye place affore sd, being each respectively in quantyty according to ye Towns Grant, ye building Lott is bounded together with ye sd pasture Lott on ye northwest with ye half mile of Common, on ye southwest with ye Land late of Henry Jackson, deceased, commonly with the common, on ye southeast with ye highway, on ye, northeast with ye Land of Ensign Matthew Sherwood. Also seven Acres of Land in ye common field over ye Creek commonly called Lockwood's Land, bounded on ye northeast with ye Land of John Odell, on ye southeast with ye highwaye, on ye southwest with my owne Land, on ye northwest with my owne medow; allso one parcell of medow, being in quantity one acre and a half, bounded on ye southeast side with my owne Land. I gave last and in these presents and ye land of John Odell and Josiah Harvey, and is incompassed on all other parts with ye Creek, with all priviledges and appertinances thereto belonging, and allso liberty to perches six acres of Land adjoining to ye sd Samuel's Homlot out of ye new lot of ye sd Richard Hubbell at forty pounds in provision pay, within one yeare after ye Decease of me, Richard Hubbell, and I do hereby explaine myself yt my meaning is as to my son, Samuel Hubbell, ye Grant herein mentioned. It is ye eldest of my sons so named.(It is a remarkable fact, that Richard Hubbell had two sons named Samuel, both living at the same time.) In witness, my hand, this fourth day of April, in ye yeare one Thousand Six Hundred eighty and seven.
RICHARD HUBBELL, Senior, R. H.
Signed, Sealed and Delivered in presents of us,
JOSIAH HARVY, SAMUELL WILLSON.
This is a true coppy of ye originall, witnessed this 3 of February, 1688, by mee,
NATHAN GOLD, Recorder.
Richard Hubbell, ye Subscriber to this Instrument, acknowledged ye same to be his free act and deed, this 3d of February, 1688, before me,
NATHAN GOLD, Justice of ye peace.' (Farfield Land Records)
In 1688 he lost his second wife,(Richard Hubbell had three wives, as follows: 1st, Elizabeth Meigs, who died before 1672, according to her Father's Will made that year. (Probably as early as 1664.) 2d wife maiden name unknown, (her christian name was probably Elizabeth or Esther, both being much used by the Puritans.) 3d, Abigail Walker.) her maiden name is not known, (His second wife was buried in the "Stratfield Burying Ground" where her grave can be seen at the present day (1880), the spot being marked by a rough stone upon which can be distinctly seen the initials 'E. H.', and date of her death '1688.' Beside this ancient tombstone is another made of mica, upon which can barely be deciphered the letters 'R. H.', but the date has been worn away by time. These graves are undoubtedly those of Richard Hubbell and his second wife. The marriage contract between Richard Hubbell and Abigail Walker, widow, (his third wife) is dated 'April 16, 1688,' a fact that also proves that his second wife died in '1688', it being the custom to marry in that day as soon after the death of the preceding wife as practicable. All the old church records of the Puritans show that this custom was common, and that the second marriage generally occurred the same year.) and the same year signed the following marriage contract with Abigail Walker.
'Whereas there is a marriage shortly to be solemnized between Richard Hubbell, Senior, of Fairfield and Abigail Walker of Stratford; these are to give notice to any whom it may concern, that I the said Hubbell doe accept and take ye womans person, wholly disclaiming all or any part of the estate moveable or immoveable that did pertain to Joseph Walker her late husband deceased, witness my hand this 16th April, 1688.
RICHARD HUBBELL, R. H.' (Fairfield Town Records)
Richard Hubbell and his descendants have been so closely identified with the first church of Stratfield, (or Pequonnock) ...
The original members of the church were nine in number, all males, viz:
RICHARD HUBBELL, SAMUEL GREGORY,
ISAAC WHEELER, MATTHEW SHERMAN,
JAMES BENNETT, RICHARD HUBBELL, JR.,
SAMUEL BEARDSLEY, DAVID SHERMAN,
JOHN ODELL, Jr.